Design of Multimodal Transportation Centers

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Article/Study Title: Design of Multimodal Transportation Centers

Authors: Roadway and traffic design – – Amy Metom Engineers & Consultants, Ltd. ;Eng. Ran Zilberstein;Engineer David Zohar;Public transportation planning and operation: Dr. Yehezkel Yisraeli;Eng. Moti Shoval;Architectural and physical design – Lerman Architects & City Planners, Ltd.;Gideon Lerman City Planner;Architect Tzeela Karniel;Road Safety – The Technion Israel Institute of Technology Transportation Research Institute;Prof. Shalom Hakkert;Dr. Victoria Gitelman;Human Engineering – Dr. David Zaidel;Disabled access – Shekel – Community Services for People with Special Needs Dr. Avi. Ramot;Security – ASC Civilian Security, Ltd. Mr. Uri Aharoni

Client: Ministry of Transportation and Roads Safety

Abstract: The overriding aim of multimodal transportation center design and development is to encourage and expand the use of public transportation. A multimodal transportation center is an installation at which passengers transfer to and from the following modes of public transportation: • Intercity or suburban rail • Light rail/subway • Regular bus lines • Taxis • Private vehicles • Motorized and non-motorized two-wheeled vehicles For this purpose, suitable space is allocated for this installation outside of the right-of-way. Moreover, multimodal transportation centers may include shopping space, businesses and residences in the same building or adjacent to it. Multimodal transportation centers are established based on the need for passage between travel modes within the public transportation system. It is well-known that transfer itself [between modes of transportation] causes inconvenience for passengers that finds expression in lost time, money, physical inconvenience in making the transfer and [a certain degree of] mental discomfort due to factors of uncertainty during travel. This discomfort affects the riding public when choosing between public transportation and private vehicles. Consequently, one of the functions of the multimodal transportation center is to ease the transfer of passengers within the public transportation system and among the various types of public transportation, thereby mitigating the negative image that passengers associate with such transfers. Thus, the multimodal transportation center has a chief function of ensuring rapid, efficient and convenient integration of the various transportation systems. The aim of the Guidelines for the Operational and Geometric Design of Multimodal Transportation Centers is to create a design framework for them. This document provides guidelines and criteria for the orderly design and evaluation of multimodal transportation centers with which it will be possible to review the entire process and assess decisions taken at various stages of design.

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